Bone & Gum Grafting
Periodontal procedures are available to stop further dental problems and gum recession and to improve the aesthetics of your gum line. For example, an exposed tooth root resulting from gum recession may not be causing you pain or sensitivity but is causing one or more of your teeth to look longer than the others. In other cases, an exposed tooth root can cause severe pain when it is exposed to extremes in temperatures or different kinds of food and liquids.
Soft tissue grafts are sometimes performed to treat gum disease or correct other abnormalities. The procedures involve taking gum tissue from the palate or another donor source to cover an exposed root in order to even the gum line and reduce sensitivity. Once contributing factors are controlled, a soft tissue graft procedure will repair the defect and help to prevent additional recession and bone loss.
Once a tooth has been missing for several years, breaking down of the jawbone may begin to occur. The weakening of the bony structures of the mouth can also be caused by the following:
- Facial trauma
- Growth deformity
- Periodontal disease
- Untreated dental cavities
To support a dental implant, the jaw has to have sufficient bone width and length. Grafting surgery is used to regenerate the current bone and stimulate the growth of new bone. This procedure is performed with bone tissue taken from a donor or from the bone tissue taken from the patient’s chin or other healthy areas of the jaw. Over time, the healthy bone grafted over the weaker bone will fuse together, creating enough support for the jaw to support dental implants.