Reviewed by Dr. Kerri Font, DDS

Bleeding gums are a common problem, but that doesn’t mean they should be ignored. If you’ve noticed blood when you brush, floss, or even spontaneously, it’s important to understand the potential causes and take action.Your gum health is closely linked to your overall well-being, so let’s explore why your gums might be bleeding and what you can do about it.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaway

Bleeding gums can occur due to several factors, including gum disease, poor oral hygiene, aggressive brushing, vitamin deficiencies, and underlying medical conditions. Ignoring bleeding gums is not advisable as it can lead to worsened gum disease, tooth loss, and potential systemic health problems.

Why Are My Gums Bleeding?

Bleeding gums are often a sign of an underlying issue, and there are several potential culprits:

🦠 Gingivitis: This is the earliest form of gum disease and is caused by a buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria. If not removed, plaque can irritate your gums, causing gum inflammation, swelling, and bleeding.

🦷 Periodontal disease: If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to advanced gum disease called periodontal disease. This is a more serious infection that affects the tissues and bones that support your teeth. Periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss if not addressed.

🪥 Poor oral hygiene: If you’re not brushing and flossing regularly, plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) can accumulate, leading to gum irritation and bleeding.

😡 Aggressive brushing: Brushing is important, but brushing too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can damage your gums and cause bleeding.

💊 Vitamin deficiencies: Deficiencies in certain vitamins, particularly Vitamin C and Vitamin K, can contribute to bleeding gums. Vitamin C is important for gum health, while Vitamin K plays a role in blood clotting.

😷 Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, can make you more susceptible to gum disease and bleeding gums. Additionally, blood thinners can increase the likelihood of bleeding.

🧬 Hormonal changes: Pregnancy and hormonal fluctuations can make your gums more sensitive and prone to bleeding. This is known as pregnancy gingivitis.

🚭 Other factors: Certain medications, smoking, and even stress can contribute to bleeding gums.

Why Bleeding Gums Shouldn’t Be Ignored

Ignoring bleeding gums can have serious consequences. In the short term, it can lead to:

  • Infected gums: If the underlying cause of bleeding isn’t treated, the infection can worsen and spread, leading to a more severe form of gum disease.
  • Pain and discomfort: Inflamed and infected gums can be painful and make eating and speaking difficult.

In the long term, untreated bleeding gums can contribute to:

  • Tooth loss: Periodontal disease can destroy the bone and gum tissues that support your teeth, leading to tooth loss.
  • Systemic health problems: Research suggests a link between gum disease and other health conditions, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

What to Do About Bleeding Gums

If you’re experiencing bleeding gums, it’s important to take action. Here’s what you can do:

Schedule a Dental Visit

Don’t delay seeking professional help. Your dentist or dental hygienist will conduct a thorough examination of your gums, identify the root cause of the bleeding, and develop a personalized treatment plan to address your specific needs. Early intervention can prevent the issue from worsening and save your smile.

Improve Your Oral Hygiene Routine

Oral hygiene is critical for gum health. Brush your teeth twice a day using a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Be gentle to avoid further irritation. Floss daily to remove plaque and debris from between your teeth and along the gum line. Consider incorporating an antibacterial mouthwash into your routine to help reduce harmful bacteria.

Nourish Your Gums with a Healthy Diet

A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains provides vital vitamins and minerals that promote gum health. Vitamin C, found in citrus fruits, berries, and leafy greens, is vital for gum tissue repair. Vitamin K, found in leafy greens and broccoli, helps with blood clotting.

Invest in Professional Dental Cleanings

Even with diligent home care, plaque and tartar can build up in hard-to-reach areas. Regular professional cleanings are essential for removing these deposits and preventing gum disease. Your dental professional will also polish your teeth and provide personalized oral hygiene instructions.

Healthy Gums With Highlands Ranch Periodontics

Bleeding gums are a warning sign that can’t be ignored. By addressing the underlying cause and taking steps to improve your oral hygiene, you can protect your smile and your overall health. 

If you’re experiencing bleeding gums or any other signs of gum disease, visit us at Highlands Ranch Periodontics. Our team of experienced professionals can help you achieve optimal gum health and maintain a beautiful, confident smile.

If you are searching for ‘best periodontist near me’ or ‘gum disease highlands ranch co’ we can help. Call (303) 683-1144 to book an appointment or complete the online booking form.

FAQ About Bleeding Gums

How urgent is bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums should not be overlooked, as they can be an early sign of oral health issues such as gingivitis or periodontal disease. In some cases, frequent or severe bleeding may indicate a need for urgent dental care to identify and treat the underlying cause. Schedule a dental visit to prevent more serious complications.

What can a dentist do for bleeding gums?

A dentist can provide a comprehensive evaluation to determine the cause of your bleeding gums. They can perform professional cleanings to remove plaque and tartar buildup, offer treatments for gum disease, and recommend improvements to your oral hygiene routine.

Categories: Periodontics